Sources, composition and spatial distribution of marine debris along the Mediterranean coast of Israel
By: Pasternak G., Zviely D., Ribic C.A., Ariel A., Spanier E.
Published in: Marine Pollution Bulletin
SDGs : SDG 14 | Units: | Time: 2017 | Link
Description: Marine debris (litter) is a complex problem that affects human activities and the marine environment worldwide. The Clea n Coast Program in Israel has had some success in keeping most of the coasts clean most of the time, but without understanding the mechanisms of accumulation of marine debris on the coasts of Israel. In 2012, we initiated a study to characterize the types of marine debris, its origins and spatial distribution. Nineteen surveys were done from June 2012 to March 2015 on eight beaches that spanned the coast of Israel. Average debris density was 12.1 items per 100 m2and 90% of the items were plastic. The top debris categories were food wrappers and disposables, plastic bags and cigarette butts. However, there was variation in the top debris categories among the beaches indicating that a flexible approach with multiple options will be important when addressing the marine debris problem. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd