Prochlorococcus in the lab and in silico: The importance of representing exudation

Prochlorococcus in the lab and in silico: The importance of representing exudation

By: Grossowicz M., Roth-Rosenberg D., Aharonovich D., Silverman J., Follows M.J., Sher D.
Published in: Limnology and Oceanography
SDGs : SDG 14  |  Units: Marine Sciences  | Time: 2017 |  Link
Description: In this study, we test the applicability of the Droop/Caperon internal stores model to describe the growth and decline o f the globally abundant marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus in batch culture as a function of internal and external inorganic and organic carbon and nitrogen. A rigorous parameter fitting exercise, constrained by the measured cell density, ammonium and inorganic carbon concentrations, revealed many different combinations of parameter values that provided equally good model-data fit. Introducing data on C : N ratio from the published literature provided additional constraints which could only be satisfied with a structural change to the model. The simplest addition that satisfied these constraints and improved quantitative overall model-data agreement was to explicitly represent excretion, which was predicted to account for 0.03–8.5% of the daily primary productivity; somewhat lower than previous estimates based on radiotracer incorporation. We argue that this significant and biologically meaningful process should not be neglected in models of marine phytoplankton. © 2017 Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography

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