Lifestyle changes for the treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: A review of observational studies and intervention trials

Lifestyle changes for the treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: A review of observational studies and intervention trials

By: Zelber-Sagi S., Godos J., Salomone F.
Published in: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
SDGs : SDG 03  |  Units: Social Welfare & Health Sciences  | Time: 2016 |  Link
Description: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is emerging as a major public health problem because of its association with in creased cardiovascular and liver-related morbidity and mortality. Both genetic factors and lifestyle contribute to the pathogenesis of NAFLD. Lifestyle, including dietary habits and physical activity, is a modifiable risk factor and thus represents the main target for the prevention and treatment of NAFLD. In this review, we summarize the evidence regarding nutritional aspects (i.e. total energy intake, saturated fat and carbohydrates intake, certain foods or drinks and dietary patterns as a whole) in the treatment of NAFLD. In addition, we analyze the evidence concerning the independent effect of physical activity, including aerobic and resistance training, in the treatment of NAFLD. A therapeutic algorithm according to results from intervention trials is also provided for clinicians and other healthcare professionals involved in the management of NAFLD. © 2016 The Author(s).

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